Over the last few decades, corporatized, industrialized agriculture has largely replaced America’s independent small farms—with catastrophic consequences for animals. While there is no strict definition, industrialized “factory farms” are characterized by extreme confinement of large numbers of animals with practices designed to maximize efficiency and profit, and little regard for animals’ well-being, sentience or natural behaviors. Factory farms often use animals bred to produce unnatural amounts of eggs, milk or meat, causing painful disorders and lameness. Mostly mechanized, there is little individualized attention, contributing to neglect of sick or suffering animals. These farms also frequently administer routine, low doses of antibiotics just to keep animals alive in unhealthy environments. Sadly, most of the more than 9 billion farm animals raised for food in this country now live in these kinds of industrialized facilities. While some welfare-certified farms are still factory-like in some ways, the certifications we point to signify meaningfully better welfare than standard industry products.